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rappel des evenements

week end tres tres calme a Beyrouth ! un dimanche super tranquille qui me rappelle l'ambiance de Tunis pendant les Aids et les jours feriés !
Pour mes amis qui prennent le train en marche et qui veulent comprendre ce qui se passe! voici un petit rappel en anglais des evenements qui ont secoué la vie du Liban durant les derniers mois.

26 August 2004, Rafik Hariri meets in Damascus with Syrian President Bashar
Assad to discuss the extension of the term of President Lahoud.
2 September 2004, the United Nations Security Council adopts resolution 1559
concerning the situation in the Middle East, calling for the withdrawal of all
foreign forces from Lebanon.
3 September 2004, the Rafik Hariri bloc approves the extension law for President
3 September 2004, the Lebanese parliament adopts the extension law for
President Lahoud and forwards it to the Lebanese government for execution.
7 September 2004, Economy Minister Marwan Hamadeh, Culture Minister Ghazi
Aridi, Minister of Refugee Affairs Abdullah Farhat and Environment Minister
Fares Boueiz, resigned from the cabinet in protest at the constitutional
9 September 2004, Prime Minister Rafik Hariri indicates to journalists that he will
1 October 2004, Assassination attempt on Marwan Hamadeh, in Beirut, Lebanon.
4 October 2004, Rafik Hariri resigns as prime minister.
11 October 2004, Syrian President Bashar Assad delivers a speech condemning
his critics within Lebanon and the United Nations.
19 October 2004, United Nations Security Council expresses concern that
resolution 1559 has not been implemented.
20 October 2004, President Lahoud accepts Hariri’s resignation and names Omar
Karame to form the new government.
14 February 2005, Rafik Hariri and 22 other individuals are killed in a massive
blast in a seafront area of central Beirut.
25 February 2005, the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission arrives in Lebanon.
8 March 2005, Hezbollah organizes a one million strong "pro-Syrian" march.
14 March 2005, a Christian/Sunni-led counter demonstration demands the
withdrawal of Syrian troops and the arrest of the chief of the security and
intelligence services.
19 March 2005, a bomb explodes in Jdeideh, a northern suburb of Beirut,
wounding 11 people.
23 March 2005, three people are killed and three others wounded in an explosion
in the Kaslik shopping centre, north of Beirut.
25 March 2005, the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission issues its report in New
26 March 2005, a suitcase bomb explodes in an industrial zone in northeast
Beirut, injuring six.
1 April 2005, nine people are injured in an underground garage in an empty
commercial and residential building in Broumana.
7 April 2005, the Security Council forms the United Nations International
Independent Investigation Commission into the assassination of Rafik Hariri and
22 others on 14 February 2005.
19 April 2005, Lebanon's Prime Minister Najib Mikati announces that
parliamentary elections will be held on 30 May 2005.
22 April 2005, General Jamil Al-Sayyed, head of the Internal Security Forces and
General Ali Al-Hajj, head of the Sûreté Générale, decide to put their functions at
the disposal of Prime Minister Najib al Makati.
26 April 2005, the last Syrian troops leave Lebanon ending a 29 year military
26 April 2005, the United Nations Verification Mission starts its mission to verify
the complete withdrawal of Syrian military and intelligence agents from Lebanon
and its full compliance with the resolution 1559.
6 May 2005, a bomb explodes in Jounieh north of Beirut injuring 29 people.
7 May 2005, Parliament convenes to adopt the proposed changes to the electoral
law of 2000.
30 May 2005, the first round of the elections was held. The Rafik Hariri Martyr
List, a coalition of Saad Hariri's Future Movement, the Progressive Socialist Party
and the Qornet Shehwan Gathering, won the majority of the seats in Parliament.
2 June 2005, journalist Samir Kassir is killed when his car explodes in east Beirut.
21 June 2005, former Lebanese Communist Party leader George Hawi is killed
when his car explodes close to his home in Wata Musaytbeh.
30 June 2005, Fouad Siniora, former finance minister under Rafik Hariri, forms
the new government composed of 23 ministers.
12 July 2005, Defence Minister Elias Murr is wounded and two other people are
killed in a car bomb attack in Beirut.
22 July 2005, at least three people are wounded near rue Monot when a bomb
explodes in the Ashrafieh quarter.
22 August 2005, three persons are injured in an explosion in a garage near the
Promenade Hotel in the Al-Zalqa area north of Beirut.
14 september Zizou arrives to Beyrouth
16 September 2005, one person is killed and ten others wounded by a bomb near a
bank in Ashrafieh.
19 September 2005, one person is killed and two wounded in a small explosion at
the Kuwaiti information office in Beirut.
25 September 2005, a car bomb injures prominent news anchor, May Chidiac, in
north Beirut.
12 October 2005 Ghazi Kanaan, Syrian minister of interior affairs, who until 2002 served for two decades as head of Syrian military intelligence in Lebanon commits suicide.
Source : Detlev mehlis report


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تونس: كارثة الإيقاف التحفظي

الإيقاف التحفظي والايداع بالسجن قبل إصدار الحكم يجب ان يكون الاستثناء وليس القاعدة. هذا الإجراء المعمم بالمحاكم التونسية هو سبب اكتظاظ السجون(50%من السجناء هم مواطنين موقوفين ولا يوجد حكم ضدهم) وثابت علميا انه يؤثر على مجرى العدالة
بشكل كبير ويؤثر سلبا على الأحكام فنادرا ما يحكم الموقوف بالبراءة او بمدة اقصر من التي قضاها تحفظيا . هذه الممارسات تسبب كوارث اجتماعية واقتصادية و تجعل المواطن يحقد على المنظومة القضائية و يحس بالظلم و القهر

Pour s'approfondir dans le sujet: Lire L'etude du Labo démocratique intitulée : "Arrestation, garde à vue, et détention préventive: Analyse du cadre juridique tunisien au regard des Lignes directrices Luanda"

رئيس حكومتنا " يركب التونسية"

فما قولة شعبية في السودان تتقال وقتلي واحد يمشي و ما يرجع او فريق كرة قدم يخسر في تصفيات كأس و يلم ادباشه او شخص يتم فصله على العمل . هذه القولة هي " يركب التونسية" ويرجع ظهورها الى الثمانينات لما كانت الخطوط التونسية تربط تونس بالخرطوم. هذه القولة في حد نفسها تلخص مدى الثقة التي تحضى بها تونس و شركاتها والتحدي الموجود لكسب الثقة وتغيير العقليات . فلما سمعت بان رئيس حكومتنا برمج زيارة الى السودان في الأسبوع القادم برفقة مئة رجل اعمال خلت ان حقبة "يركب التونسية" انتهت  وان تونس الجديدة بلد الديموقراطية وضعت السودان وبقية جيراننا في الجنوب في اولاوياتها خاصة بعد غياب طويل عنهم وعلى مؤسساتنا القارية مثل الإتحاد الأفريقي.  ولكن و مثل كل رجال الاعمال و اخواننا في النيجر و السودان و ببوركينا فاصو فوجئت بإلغاء الزيارة بدون اي سبب. وبذلك ، بعد أشهر من العمل والتحضيرات ركب رجال الاعمال و برامج التعاون والمعاهدات المزمع ابرامهاو احلامنا بعلاقات أمتن التونسية مرة اخرى وبقيت صورة تونس على حالها.

Happy 40th!

10 years ago, I wrote this note for my 30th. Today, I am 40 years old and here I am reading what I wrote when I was 30... So much can happen in 10 years that it is hard to look back and remember everything. The feeling of forty is a feeling of reaching "adulthood"... or at least what I imagined adulthood to look like...

Looking back at what happened in the last decade or even in the last 5 years, it is obvious that it is going to be hard to predict what will happen in the next decade. My priorities are however getting clearer:

- Work as hard as I can
- Stay healthy and adopt a healthy lifestyle
- Be the best father I can be and take care of my family
- Read more and get involved in my community

Nothing very exciting as you can see but very important in my eyes...